Conditional Clauses

Conditional Clauses

Conditional Clauses

Conditional Clauses


Conditional (sentence presupposition) explains

that an activity contrary to other activities. The most common conditional is Real and Unreal Conditonal Conditonal, sometimes called if-clauses. Real Conditional (often also referred to as Conditional Type I) which describes if in accordance with the facts.Unreal Conditional (often also referred to as Conditional Type II) which describes the supposition that no real or imagined. There is also a 3rd Conditional often called the Conditional Type III, is used as a regret that happened in the past and zero conditionals, used to express something that is definitely true. Note: If the clause “if” is placed at the beginning of a sentence, we must use the “coma”. Conversely, if the clause “if” is behind, then there should be no comma.

Conditional or modality has 3 forms:

Future Conditional (Conditional Type 1)

This assumption states that something might happen in the future or now, if the terms / certain conditions are met.


Type 1 Conditional formula:

  • Subject + If + subject + present simple modals (will, can, may, must) V1 (simple form)

example: If have money I will buy a new car

  • Simple If + Subject + … + subject + present simple-present

example: If he has enough time, John usually walks to school.

  • If + Subject + … + command simple present form

example: If you go to the post office, please mail this letter for her.


Unreal Present (Conditional Type 2)

This assumption states something contrary to what exists or happens now.

+ If + subject + subject + simple past modals (would, could, might) V1 (Simple Form)

example:     If I had time, I would go to the beach with you this weekend

(I do not have time so I could not go)


If the conditional type 2 can be removed is by using pattern inversion:

Were + subject + Adj / Noun + capital + subject (would, could, might) + V1

example: Were I John I would not forgive you.

(If only I was the john I will not forgive you, in fact I

not john so I forgive you / I’m not John so I forgive you).

He could hug me, if he were here. (She may hug me, if he’s here). The fact is: he can not hug me, Because, he is not here.


Unreal Past (Conditional Type 3)

This assumption states something contrary to what has happened (past).

Type 3 Conditional formula:

+ If + Subject + Past Perfect … subject modals (would, could, might) have + V3


1. If we had known that you were there, we would have written you a letter.

(If only we knew you were there, we had sent a letter to you;

which means that we do not send the letter because we do not know you’re there / I did not know that you were there so I did not write you a letter.

 Noun Clauses

Noun clause is a clause (ie subject and verb) is used as a noun. Noun clause in the sentence is generally used as a subject and an object sentences.

Noun clause can be preceded by:

  • • Question word or relative pronoun question either single word or phrase:

Single question word (ie when, how, what, ect.).

Question word + determiner / noun / adjective / adverb.

Question word + infinitive.

So the pattern of the noun clause is:

Question word / conjunction / that + subject + verb + …

Noun clauses beginning with the words Question

How to Address Questions in’ve discussed about the use of the word good in making the information asked questions and in making embedded questions. Embedded questions are noun clause. In this section are given additional examples to refresh your memory.

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